Legal Cannabis in Minnesota – FAQ

On May 30, 2023, Governor Walz signed the bill legalizing adult-use cannabis in Minnesota. Effective Aug. 1, 2023, full decriminalization will allow the possession, use, and home grow of cannabis in Minnesota for people 21 and older. Additionally, new changes have been made to Minnesota’s Medical Marijuana program. So how can you navigate this new legal landscape as a consumer of adult-use cannabis? Select topics on this page for some helpful information on frequently asked questions.

If you are looking to purchase cannabis for adult-use in Minnesota, the first retail dispensary sales are not scheduled for Green Goods until 2025. We’ll be sure to keep you updated when sales start!

Legal, medical cannabis is still available to patients at each of our Green Goods cannabis dispensaries. If you are not a patient, you can apply for a medical marijuana card with any of these doctors

As outlined in law, a person age 21 or older may:

  • Use, possess, or transport cannabis paraphernalia
  • Possess or transport up to 2 ounces of cannabis flower in a public place
  • Possess up to 2 pounds of cannabis flower in a person’s private residence
  • Possess or transport up to 8 grams of adult-use concentrate
  • Possess or transport edible cannabis products or lower-potency hemp edibles infused with a combined 800 milligrams or less of THC
  • Give away cannabis flower and products to a person 21 or older in an amount legal for a person to possess in public

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Good news Minnesotan! You’re allowed to grow cannabis at home! Up to eight cannabis plants, with no more than four being mature, flowering plants may be grown at a single residence as long as it is at the primary residence of someone 21 or older. Plants must be in an enclosed, locked space that is not open for public view.

Cannabis can be used by people 21 and older on private property (unless the owner prohibits use of cannabis on their property), private residences and at places with approved licenses or an event permit (however, no licenses or event permits are available at this time).

Cannabis cannot be used when operating a motor vehicle.

Cannabis cannot be used or possessed in the following locations:

  • Public school or charter schools and school buses
  • State correctional facilities
  • In a location where the smoke, aerosol, or vapor of a cannabis product could be inhaled by a minor
  • On federal property (such as courthouses, airports and national parks)

Smoking or vaping adult-use cannabis products is not allowed in a multifamily housing building.

Owners of day cares must disclose to parents if the proprietors permit use of cannabis outside of its normal business hours.

NOTE: Communities may have local ordinances that prohibit smoking or vaping cannabis in public places.

Rules regarding public consumption of cannabis flower or other cannabis products in public places will likely vary. Starting on August 1, 2023, consumption may be prohibited in some public places, but is not prohibited in:

  • A private residence (including the person’s yard and outbuildings)
  • Private property not generally accessible by the public, unless the person is explicitly told not to do so on the property by the owner of the property
  • The premises of an establishment or event licensed to permit on-site consumption of cannabis

Illegally selling cannabis can result in criminal charges, the penalties of which are written into the new law.

Additionally, cannabis is still illegal on the federal level – medicinally and recreationally. For instance, you could get in trouble for merely crossing state lines while possessing cannabis.

Yes – so be careful! Starting on August 1, 2023, you can get charged with a misdemeanor for having cannabis in your car if the cannabis products:

  • Do not meet Minnesota’s packaging requirements
  • Have been removed from the packaging in which they were sold
  • Are in packaging that has been opened, or the seal has been broken
  • Are in packaging in which the contents have been partially removed

However, it is not considered a crime if the cannabis products are in an area of the vehicle not “normally occupied” by the driver or passengers – like the car’s trunk or cargo trailer.

Glove compartments, center consoles, or other utility compartments are considered within the “normally occupied” area of a motor vehicle, so don’t store your cannabis in those places if you’ve already opened its packaging – that’s a crime.

Both the Adult-Use Cannabis Act and the Clean Slate Act have provisions requiring automatic expungement of certain criminal history records. The Adult-Use Cannabis Act eliminates certain cannabis-related offenses and requires automatic expungement of certain prior cannabis-related records from the BCA’s Criminal History System. While the act goes into effect Aug. 1, 2023, it will take several months for these changes to be implemented in the BCA’s Criminal History System, and these records will remain available on an individual’s criminal history record until the changes are implemented. The Clean Slate Act, which goes into effect Jan. 1, 2025, requires automatic expungement of certain records (though other criminal history records will still require a petition and court order).